Continental Wetlands & Rivers


Despite being a largely forested country, Slovenia has also some excellent wetland sites. Most wetlands are continental, with only a few lying on the country’s short stretch of coast. Certainly the most famous and interesting is the temporary karstic lake (or “turlough”) of Cerknica, in the Notranjska region. This place has an exceptional biodiversity due to its varied landscapes with lake, reedbeds, wet meadows, channels, forest and farmland. Being temporary, the lake is full of water only after heavy rainfall (usually in autumn and spring). Northeastern, lowland Slovenia has many interesting freshwater wetlands, typical of the Pannonian region. Although most of the lakes, marshes and reservoirs in the Štajerska region are man-made, they are extremely rich in birds and other wildlife and include areas such as Ptuj and Ormož lakes, the Medvedce reservoir, the Ormož, Rače and Vrbje fishponds. Wetlands are a real paradise for birds either for breeding, wintering or as stop-over sites during migration.




Most famous and charismatic species :



Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca

Spotted Crake Porzana porzana

Little Crake Porzana parva

Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena

Snipe Gallinago gallinago

Curlew Numenius arquata

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus

Bittern Botaurus stellaris

White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla

Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus

Black Stork Ciconia nigra

Common Tern Sterna hirundo 

Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus

Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia

River Warbler Locustella fluviatilis

Savi’s Warbler Locustella luscinioides

Corncrake Crex crex

Quail Coturnix coturnix

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava

Smew Mergellus albellus

Goldeneye Bucephala clangula

Greater Scaup Aythya marila

Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca

Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis

Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus

Bewick's Swan Cygnus columbianus

Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus

Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

Garganey Anas querquedula 

Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Marsh Frog Pelophylax ridibundus

Edible Frog Pelophylax esculentus

European Tree Frog Hyla arborea

Yellow-bellied Toad Bombina variegata 

European Toad Bufo bufo

Green Toad Bufo viridis

Smooth Newt Lissotriton vulgaris

Northern Crested Newt Triturus cristatus

Fire Salamander Salamandra atra

Common Spadefoot Pelobates fuscus

Fire-bellied Toad Bombina bombina 

Danube Crested Newt Triturus dobrogicus 

Italian Crested Newt Triturus carnifex

Italian Agile Frog Rana latastei

Grass Snake Natrix natrix

Dice Snake Natrix tessellata 

European Pond Terrapin Emys orbicularis

Dipper Cinclus cinclus

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea

Goosander Mergus merganser

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 

Sand Martin Riparia riparia

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 

Otter Lutra lutra

Beaver Castor fiber 

Marbled Trout Salmo marmoratus

White-clawed Crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes 

Stone Crayfish Austropotamobius torrentium

European Crayfish Astacus astacus