Coastal Wetlands & the Sea

 

Slovenia has a quite short stretch of coast, facing the Gulf of Trieste in the Adriatic sea. Although the coast is only 46 km long, some very precious brackish and saline wetlands can still be found. These include Škocjanski zatok Nature Reserve, Sečovlje salinas Nature Park and the Strunjan Nature Park. The Sečovlje and Strunjan salinas have mostly salty and brackish water, while Škocjanski zatok has both a brackish lagoon as well as a freshwater wetland. The latter is a new and re-naturalised nature reserve, full of interesting birds and always worth a visit. There are several species of breeding birds found in the brackish lagoons and salinas and nowhere else in Slovenia.

 

 

Most famous and charismatic species : 

 

 

 

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 

Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 

Shelduck Tadorna tadorna

Little Tern Sternula albifrons 

Common Redshank Tringa totanus 

Common Tern Sterna hirundo 

Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus 

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus 

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava 

Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus 

Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 

Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus 

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis 

Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon 

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica

Spotted Crake Porzana porzana 

Little Crake Porzana parva 

Bittern Botaurus stellaris

Merlin Falco columbarius 

Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus 

Flamingos Phoenicopterus roseus 

Dice Snake Natrix tessellata 

European Pond Terrapin Emys orbicularis 

Italian Wall Lizard Podarcis sicula 

European Green Toad Bufo viridis 

Mediterranean Killifish Aphanius fasciatus 

Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis 

Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis 

Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus 

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

Yelkouan Shearwaters Puffinus yelkouan 

Scopoli’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea 

Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla

Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica 

Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena 

Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus 

Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus 

Loggerhead Turle Caretta caretta

Short-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis